High blood pressure or otherwise known as hypertension has become a frequent cardiovascular concern affecting the both genders, male and female. This health condition needs to be treated on time as if it is left untreated, it can seriously harm the health of the body. You need to be aware that the normal blood pressure depends on the age of the person.
What is Hypertension?
This health condition is manifested with an abnormal increase in blood pressure on the artery walls. Hypertension affects approximately 20% of the world adult population, and commonly is referred to as “essential”, meaning that there is no explanation for the reason of its occurrence. Nonetheless, there are certain factors can cause this health disorder like for instance the aging that causes a decrease in the elasticity of the arteries.
High blood pressure can be a result of some disease, and 10% of the cases of high blood pressure are result of this reason. This high blood pressure is referred as the “secondary” hypertension as the cause for its appearance is some disease like kidney disease (parenchymal stenosis disease) or adrenal disease (adrenocortical adenoma), neurovascular (aorta) or hormonal disease (hyper/hypothyroidism ).
The Proper Diagnosis of Hypertension
Once the diagnosis of hypertension is determined, the physician takes every aspect of the patient’s life starting form age, lifestyle, diet, heredity, and medical history so that it establishes adequate treatment. This health condition can affect even young people so there is no limit in age. The American Heart Association advises young people to undergo regular medical checks (every two years) and to screen for hypertension.
Regulate Your Blood Pressure In Order To Stay Healthy
If you do not follow a proper treatment and implement a balanced diet, then having high blood pressure can harm your overall health. A recently performed study released in Archives of Internal Medicine involved 2000 participants who were elderly people with hypertension and the results were that hypertension deteriorates the arteries, kidneys and generally all vital body functions. If it is not treated properly or at all it will eventually lead to heart or kidney failure, strokes and other ailment with fatal consequences.
The common treatment of hypertension includes the following aggressive therapies: vasodilator drugs or beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. However, the treatment of hypertension is not universal for all people. Certain parameters need to be taken into account such as the age of a person. A same treatment cannot be applied to a person in his fifties and to a person in his eighties.
Blood Pressure Changes All the Time
Blood pressure changes every minute as it very much depends on the degree of stress, adopted posture, lack of sleep and physical inactivity. In the interval between the heart beat, blood pressure drops and then the heart is in idle mode. But, once the heart starts to beat, blood pressure is increased.
For a person of 20 years normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg, less than 120 systolic and below 80 diastolic. According to recent statistics 1 out of 3 adults in US suffers from hypertension. As a result of this situation doctors advise their patients to closely monitor the blood pressure of their children so that it is reacted on time and the occurrence of hypertension prevented.
Have in mind that if a person experiences high blood pressure it does not mean that he or she will suffer from high blood pressure. But, if it stays higher than 140/90 mm Hg, or 140 systolic and 90 diastolic or higher, then the health of this person needs to be carefully monitored and an appropriate treatment applied. Likewise, this person needs to change his diet and start following a more suitable one.
How to treat hypertension?
In order to treat this condition you will need to do certain dietary changes and change of the current lifestyle. This needs to be done when the blood pressure is greater than 140/90. In serious cases like when the patient’s systolic pressure is 180 mm Hg or more and diastolic pressure is 110 mm Hg or more, then the patient needs to take a few minutes rest. However, if the blood pressure still remains high, then by all means consult your physician.
You should always take good care of your health, even if you have normal blood pressure. Have in mind hypertension is caused due to unbalanced diet and lack of physical activity.