HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives. There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers. But there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening.You also can develop symptoms years after you have sex with someone who is infected making it hard to know when you first became infected.
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a common virus affecting both males and females. Up to 80% of people (males and females) will be infected with at least one type of genital HPV at some time. Anyone who has any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the name for a group of viruses that affect your skin and the moist membranes lining your body.
Examples of this include your cervix, anus, mouth and throat
There are more than 100 types of HPV. Around 30 types of HPV infection can affect the genital area.
Genital HPV infections are common and highly contagious. They are spread during sexual intercourse and skin-to-skin contact of the genital areas.
10 THINGS ABOUT HPV YOU SHOULD KNOW:
- Venereal warts are generally spread through direct skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who is infected. HPV can also be spread from mother to child (usually found in the child’s throat or mouth) during birth.
- HPV infection does not usually demonstrate to any indications or signs.The average incubation period, which begins immediately after the initial sexual contact with an infected person, is usually two to three months but can range from one to 20 months.
- A lot of HPV types won’t hurt your health.
- Cancers caused by HPV often don’t show symptoms until the cancer is in later stages of growth. Regular screenings can help diagnose HPV-related health problems earlier. This can improve outlook and increase chances of survival.
- The National Cervical Cancer Coalition suggests that females older than 30 years should do the Pap smear test in order to spot if there are irregular cells in the cervix that may cause cervical cancer.
- Women ages 30 to 65 should then be screened every five years with Pap and HPV co-testing.
- National Library of Medicine of the United States claims that the cervical cancer is 100% preventable however if discovered in early stage.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that male “condom use may reduce the risk for genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection” but provides a lesser degree of protection compared with other sexual transmitted diseases “because HPV also may be transmitted by exposure to areas (e.g., infected skin or mucosal surfaces) that are not covered or protected by the condom.
- HPV type 16 is connected with some kinds of head and neck cancer.
- About 30% of oral carcinomas are HPV associated.